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Rural Livelihoods & Social Wellbeing in the Global South
February 12 @ 12:30 pm - 2:00 pm
The Global Labour Research Centre (GLRC) and the Las Nubes Project at York University are pleased to present a two-part panel series:
Rural Livelihoods & Social-Ecological Wellbeing in the Global South
Co-sponsored by York University's Faculty of Environmental and Urban Change and the Centre for Research on Latin America and the Caribbean (CERLAC).
People and Place: Structural and Geographic Conditions Shaping Wellbeing in Southern Costa Rica
Friday, February 12, 2021
12:30 – 2:00 pm ET
Register for the first panel.
Martin Bunch (Professor, Faculty of Environmental and Urban Change, York University)
Edgar Espinoza Cisneros (Assistant Professor, School of Geography, University of Costa Rica)
“‘Walking the talk’ in land management: Structural factors influencing pro-environmental intention-action links in the Savegre river watershed, Costa Rica”
In the research presented here I examine structural factors conditioning the adoption of pro-environmental practices in land management. While the thinking-action relationship has been widely studied in psychology, there is a need to further investigate, from a geographical perspective, how structure shortens or widens the gap between proenvironmental intentions and actions in land management. In filling this need, we examine the structural factors reported to influence this intention-action link in a Costa Rican watershed recently designated a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve for its social-ecological importance. To this end, we draw on intensive fieldwork and land manager interview data. Research design was informed by theoretical and conceptual insights from social psychology, land systems science and political ecology. Results suggest a strong influence of diverse structural factors on the pro-environmental intention-action connection in land use in this social-ecological system, both as a facilitating and/or constraining force. More salient is the marked gap between intentions and actions among managers, largely influenced by market dynamics and incentive structures, land tenure policies, perceptions about government institutional performance, and deficient extension networks. These results highlight the need to “clear the way” for pro-environmental intentions to materialize into actions through selective structural measures, especially in social-ecological landscapes facing dire needs to reduce ecological impacts of productive systems
Adolfo Quesada Román (Department of Geography, University of Costa Rica)
“Climate change and tropical cyclones: Impacts on rural and indigenous communities of Térraba catchment, Costa Rica”
Floods are a frequent hazard that can easily turn into disasters in the tropics whenever they occur after extraordinary precipitation linked to cyclones. In a warming climate, cyclones are anticipated to occur more frequently, and so are the resulting floods. Large rural and indigenous territories are along the tropics and developing countries. Rural and indigenous knowledge normally have not been considered in territorial decision-making processes worldwide. This study aims to create a baseline of the most affected rural and indigenous communities by floods in the Térraba catchment at southern, Costa Rica. This research gathers the local knowledge through structured interviews to communal leaders who belong to the Communal Local Development Associations (ADI, in Spanish). The study expects to depict a broader image of the rural and indigenous knowledge related to the impact of climate change and floods related to tropical cyclones in the Térraba catchment. These outputs will enhance the research line between rural/indigenous knowledge, climate change, tropical cyclones increase, and floods impacts along the tropics.